File:Phoebe Pember lib.unc.edu.jpg|thumb|200px|right|Phoebe Pember, circa 1855
'''Phoebe Yates Levy Pember''' (August 18, 1823 - March 4, 1913) was a member of a prominent American Jewish family from Charleston, South Carolina|Charleston
, South Carolina
and a nurse and female administrator of Chimborazo Hospital
at Richmond, Virginia|Richmond
during the American Civil War
. She assumed the responsibility informally at the age of 39 and eventually over 15,000 patients came under her direct care during the war.